Moscow, which entered the historical scene as a self-contained principality in the 14th century, is an extremely rich city that appeals to travelers in every style in terms of places to visit.
The fact that the city has become the capital of Russia since 1480 has a great role in this wealth. In this way, the city not only developed economically and architecturally, but also significantly increased its cultural accumulation. I will share very important information throughout the guide, but pay attention to these first;
Where to stay? Tverskoy, Arbat, Kitay-Gorod, Basmanny and Yakimanka are the best places to stay in the city.
Hotel recommendations: Some of the most popular hotels you can stay in Moscow: 3 ★ Arbat Inn, 4 ★ Moscow Marriott Tverskaya Hotel, 5 ★ Four Seasons Hotel Moscow.
Things To Do: Tour the world-famous metro of the city with a guide. Visiting the Kremlin Palace, one of the most important historical buildings.
Moscow Attractions List
Like many travelers, you can write the iconic Red Square at the top of your list of places to visit in Moscow.
The square, covered with cut stone, 400 meters long and 150 meters wide, has been the scene of death sentences, demonstrations, parades and rallies since the 15th century.
The area adjacent to the walls in the northeast of the Kremlin has been known by its present name since the 17th century. Only “Krasnaya”, the original name of the square, was used in Old Russian to mean “beautiful” rather than “red”.
After the Kremlin, Saint Basil’s Cathedral and Lenin’s Mausoleum come first among the structures that add splendor to the appearance of Red Square. Next to the cathedral, there is a platform called “The Place of Skulls”, where decrees and notices have been read for centuries.
When you reach the square, you can also see the Minin & Pozharsky Monument, and when you want to buy something, you can head to the GUM Mall.
Hotel Recommendation: The 5-star Four Seasons Hotel Moscow is one of the most beautiful and luxurious hotels in the region.
Covering the Borovitsky Hill on the north bank of the Moscow River, the Kremlin Palace was first built in the 12th century using wooden materials. However, when this building was destroyed as a result of the Mongol attacks, the construction of the current building complex was undertaken between 1482-1495.
The construction of the Ivan the Great Bell Tower, which adds splendor to the palace surrounded by a defense wall with a total length of more than 2 kilometers, was completed in the early 17th century.
Kremlin Palace, It has been known as the place where the state has been ruled since the time of Ivan the 3rd.. Apart from the official residence of the Russian president, the building complex includes 5 cathedrals that are used as a museum today and sections such as armament.
Once the center of the Orthodox church, only museums and bell tower can be visited in the palace. The Russian national treasure attracts the most attention among the permanent collections exhibited in the palace, which is entered from the Kutafya Tower.
3.Saint Basil’s Cathedral
St. Basil’s Cathedral, located on the south side of Red Square, It was built between 1555 and 1561 in line with the order of Ivan the 4th, nicknamed “Terrible”, who gained the upper hand against the Tatars by capturing the Kazan Castle.
Just like in the construction of the Kremlin Palace, the cathedral, which was helped by Italian architects during its construction, actually consists of 10 chapels adjacent to each other.
Each of the 4 main chapels with large domes is known by different names. The other four, whose roof is covered with smaller domes, take on the task of honoring the struggles and victories with Kazan. The remaining two chapels were added to the building later.
St. Basil’s Cathedral, which has gained worldwide fame thanks to its architectural features, serves as a museum today. In addition to its collection, you can see the saint’s tomb on the ground floor of the religious building, which won the admiration of its guests with its interior decorations.
- Visiting Hours: 10.00-18.00
- Entry Fee: 1000 RUB
The Bolshoi Theater, designed by Joseph Bové, with its iconic neoclassical building, was built by II. It was founded thanks to Katerina’s permission for Prince Pyotr Urusov to organize events such as theater performances and balls in 1776.
Bolshoi continued its activities under the imperial theater until the October Revolution. Today, the building, which hosts the impressive performances of the Bolshoi Ballet Ensemble, has been rebuilt many times due to various disasters, especially fire.
A part of the Bolshoi Theater has been operating as a museum since 1918. In this museum, materials used in stage shows and having archival value are exhibited.
While visiting the museum, you can find the opportunity to examine the posters and program booklets of performances staged in various years. You can visit the part where the historical stage of the theater building is located by participating in the guided tours organized on Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday at 11.30.
- Address: Theater Square, 1, Moskva
- Tour Fee: 1500 RUB
If you need an escape point to get away from the chaos of the city and revive your childhood memories during your travel, you can include Gorky Park, which was opened in 1928, to your list of places to visit in Moscow.
Designed by Konstantin Melkinov, the green area consists of two parts. Moscow River draws the boundary between these parts of the park that appeal to different age groups.
The first part of the park gives both children and young people the opportunity to enjoy pleasant hours. If you wish, you can spend time in the amusement park or sports club in this section. Alternatively, you can do bungee jumping, ride a boat or a horse and go for a stroll.
An ice rink is set up in this part of the park in winter. In the summer months, all the attention of the visitors shifts towards the beach. On the same dates, the other part of Gorky Park frequently hosts cultural events.
When you take a stroll on the walking paths in this section where the vegetation is more spectacular, you can find the opportunity to see many historical buildings closely.
- Visiting Hours: 10.00-22.00
Lenin’s Mausoleum, signed by the architect Aleksey Şçusev, was built between 1924-1930. According to official documents, Stalin, who could not be indifferent to the intense demands of the people, ordered the construction of such a structure after the death of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, the founder of the Soviet Union.
Because Lenin asked in his will that his body be buried in the family cemetery in Leningrad.
Red granite in the cube-shaped structure, located on the west side of Red Square, near the Senate Tower, symbolizes communism, and the black moonstone symbolizes mourning.
The 100 square meter interior of the mausoleum is divided into a lobby and a mourning hall. Lenin’s embalmed body is protected in the glass sarcophagus in the mourning hall.
In the section just behind the sarcophagus are the tombs of other important Soviet statesmen.
- Visiting Hours: 10.00-01.00
The history of Arbat Street, which is 1.2 kilometers long, goes back to the middle of the 15th century. The process of making the road the most popular pedestrian street in Russia coincides with the reconstruction works in 1986.
As a result of the directing of vehicle traffic to New Arbat in 1994, the historical street took on a much safer and more colorful identity. Many souvenir shops and restaurants operate on the Old Arbat, which is very active during the daytime.
Apart from eating and drinking and shopping places, there are many historical buildings worth seeing on Old Arbat Street. Chief among these is the house where the war hero Denis Davydov lived.
The building used by the House of Knights, Pushkin Museum and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs also provides a feast for travelers both architecturally and culturally along the street. By the way, you should not miss the Viktor Tsoi Memorial Wall and the Bulat Okudzhava Monument.
Hotel Recommendation: The 4-star Mercure Arbat Moscow is one of the most beautiful and popular facilities in the region.
8.GUM Shopping Center
The building of the GUM Shopping Center, located on the east side of Red Square, opposite Lenin’s Mausoleum, was put into service in 1893.
Between 1928-1953, the shopping center had to suspend its activities in line with Stalin’s order. During this period, the building was allocated to government officials who continued to work within the first five-year plan.
Continuing its activities with the title of “state store” under the supervision of the communist system during the Soviet Union period, GUM is almost like a shrine for shoppers today.
Part 100, where the secret clothing store used to only serve people at the highest echelons of the communist party, left its place to high-end brands with the collapse of the system.
If you enjoy shopping in the cities you are traveling to, I recommend you to visit here.
- Visiting Hours: 10.00-22.00
The Pushkin Museum, where the Treasures of Troy brought from Anatolia are exhibited, was established in 1912 under the Moscow University.
The cultural facility, whose name was the Cabinet of Fine Arts and Antiques at that time, started to be known with its current name since 1937. The museum’s collection, whose content consisted of only copies of ancient sculptures in the first years of its opening, was enriched after Moscow became the capital.
At the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, you can find the opportunity to examine artifacts from many different periods, from ancient Egyptian finds to contemporary European artists.
By the way, let me state the ready name. If you are interested in the work and life of Pushkin, who is regarded as the founder of modern Russian literature, you can turn your route towards the house on Old Arbat Street after completing your visit to this museum.
- Address: Ulitsa Volkhonka, 12, Moskva
- Visiting Hours: 11.00-20.00
- Entrance Fee: 400 RUB
10.Tretyakov State Gallery
If you are interested in fine arts, you can add the Tretyakov State Gallery to your list of places to visit in Moscow. The museum was founded in 1856 by industrialist Pavel Tretyakov.
In the first years, only the private collections of Tretyakov and his brother were exhibited at the cultural facility, which operates in a very interesting building designed by Viktor Vasnetsov.
After the famous industrialist donated the museum to the city of Moscow in 1892, the number of works exhibited rapidly increased.
In the Tretyakov State Gallery, more than 1300 works created in the long period from the 11th century to the first years of the 20th century are exhibited today.
During your visit to the museum, you can have the opportunity to examine the collection of Russian icons considered the best in the world. If you’re lucky, you may come across one of the special events held in the building next to the property.
- Address: Lavrushinsky Ln, 10, Moskva
- Visiting Hours: 10.00-18.00
- Entrance Fee: 500 RUB
11.Novodevichy Convent and Cemetery
After examining the collections in the state gallery, you can visit the Novodevichy Convent and Cemetery, where travelers show great interest due to its striking architecture.
Also known as the “New Virgins”, the monastery was established in 1524 to celebrate the capture of Smolensk from Lithuania.
Many nobles, including Irına Godunova and Sofia Alekseyevna, were educated in the monastery, which is the oldest and most prominent part of this cathedral.
Before you leave the monastery, I recommend that you spend time in the cemetery next to it. Because this part of the religious building complex is the eternal resting place of many important figures in Russian history.
Finally, Boris Yeltsin was buried in the area where the tombs of names such as Bulgakov, Chekhov, Gogol, Khrushchev were found.
Again, Nazım Hikmet’s tomb is one of the most important and popular spots you can see in this cemetery.
- Address: Novodevichy Passage, 1, Moskva
- Visiting Hours: 09.00-17.00 (Museum)
- Entrance Fee: 500 RUB
The Moscow Metro, one of the most used underground public transportation networks in the world, started to serve in 1935 in line with Stalin’s “People’s Palace” vision.
When the metro was first opened, the vehicles were traveling on a single 11-kilometer line. Moreover, there are only 13 stations where they can pause. As of 2018, the length of the metro system has reached 379 kilometers.
There are currently 223 stops within the Moscow Metro. Each stop in the transportation network, which is shown among the most important architectural and engineering achievements of the Soviet Union period. It was designed to be used as a shelter during World War 2 and the cold war periods.
If you want to visit the most beautiful of these stops, you can give priority to Mayakovskaya, Teatralnaya, Ploshchad Revolyutsii and Elektrozavodskaya.
13.Cathedral of Christ the Savior
The longest Orthodox church in the world, Cathedral of Christ Savior was completed in 1997, which was the 850th birthday of Moscow.
The share of Stalin’s ideas about the region in the construction of the cathedral, which has a rich and magnificent architecture, was undeniable. Because the famous leader wanted to build a mighty Soviet palace in the area where the cathedral rises, with a 100-meter statue of Lenin adorning his garden.
The Cathedral of Christ the Savior draws attention with its exterior and interior architecture. The religious building adds richness to the city skyline with its three domes made of copper and traditional Russian architecture.
In the interior of the cathedral, frescoes depicting the war of 1812 and three altars are welcoming the visitors. Of these altars, the one in the center is born, and the other two are St. Dedicated to Nicholas and Alexander Nevsky.
- Address: Ulitsa Volkhonka, 15, Moskva
- Visiting Hours: 10.00-17.00
14.State Historical Museum
The State History Museum, which opened its doors to visitors in 1883, is located on the northside of Red Square. Focusing on Russian history since the Stone Age, the museum’s collection, created in a century, contains more than 4.5 million works.
Even the architectural style of the building in which it is located adds value to the museum as much as its magnificent collection. Each room of the building, whose interior is reminiscent of old Russian churches, is designed to reflect the characteristics of different periods and regions.
The medieval Russian exhibition stands out as the most popular part of the museum. You can get an idea about the Mongol invasion and the unification of Russian principalities by examining this exhibition. On the second floor of the building, collections focused on the empire period await you.
- Visiting Hours: 10.00-21.00
- Entrance Fee: 700 RUB
Since it is the main artery of the city, Tverskaya Street, known as “Gorky” between 1935-1990, does not fade even for a moment.
The street, surrounded by buildings built in the 19th and 20th centuries, extends from Manege Square, the heart of the city, to the motorway network that provides transportation to Leningrad.
Of course, in the meantime, it connects Tverskaya, Pushkin and Triumphalnaya squares, which are considered among the important attractions of Moscow.
Travelers take the street, which was almost completely renovated in 1930, on their list of places to visit in Moscow, due to the shopping and entertainment possibilities rather than the architectural charm of the buildings on it.
There are hundreds of shops and many entertainment venues around the avenue and in the side streets.
Hotel Recommendation: 5-star InterContinental Moscow Tverskaya is one of the best quality hotels in the region.
When you want to watch the magnificent view of the city and take many photos, you can go to the Sparrow Hills without thinking.
The hills rising on the right bank of the Moscow River were called “Lenin” from 1935 until 1999. However, in the 2000s, the earth formations of 60-70 meters above the river became known by the name of a nearby village.
The hills, which Russian writers and poets frequently mention in their works, host Moscow State University and Trinity Church.
If you go to the observation platform here, you can see the Lujnizki Stadium on the same side and the Novodevichy Monastery right next to it.
From the hills that Alexander I considered for the construction of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, the tall buildings on the opposite side of the river can be easily observed on clear days.
17.Ivan the Great Bell Tower
Located on the east side of Sobornaya pl, the 81-meter-high Ivan the Great Bell Tower was built between 1505-1508 in accordance with the plans of Architect Bon Fryazin.
The tower was only 60 meters high when it was first built. In 1600, on the orders of Tsar Boris Godunov, additions were made to the tower and its size reached its present level.
There are 21 bells in the tower, which is the highest structure of the Kremlin. The 65.5-ton Great Ascension Bell, manufactured by the masters Zavyalov and Rusinov in the 19th century, stands out as the most majestic of these.
Thanks to its two golden domes, you will have the opportunity to enjoy the magnificent view of the Kremlin and its surroundings if you climb to the top floor of the bell tower, which can be easily noticed from a distance of 30 kilometers, on clear days.
- Visiting Hours: 10.15-16.00
- Entrance Fee: 500 RUB
18.Moscow Zoo and Planetarium
If you enjoy traveling as a family, you can include the Moscow Zoo and Planetarium in your travel program.
The zoo, which appeals to individuals of all ages who are interested in natural life and space exploration, was opened to visitors in 1964. 7,500 animals of a thousand different species live in the facility, which covers an area of 21.5 hectares.
The Moscow Planetarium started to operate in 1929. In the facility, which has become one of the most popular parts of the Moscow museum region shortly after its opening, you can either observe or expand your knowledge of space, stars and planets by participating in interactive demonstrations.
- Address: Bolshaya Gruzinskaya Street, 1, Moskva
- Visiting Hours: 09.00-17.00
- Entrance Fee: 500 RUB
19.Cosmonaut Memorial Museum
The Cosmonautics Memorial Museum, located in the northeast of the city center, aims to promote Russia’s activities related to space exploration to the public.
It was decided by the Soviet government to establish the museum in 1967. The facility was opened in 1981 to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the first manned flight to outer space.
When you enter the museum, which operates right in front of the 100-meter “Space Conquerors” monument, you can have the chance to examine the first Soviet-produced rocket engine, the Lunokhod, which was designed to be used on the moon.
Another interesting collection at the facility consists of propaganda posters printed to impress the public during the space race, where competition with the United States reached its peak.
- Address: Prospekt Mira, 111, Moskva
- Visiting Hours: 10.00-19.00
- Entrance Fee: 250 RUB
20.Ostankino TV Tower
At the end of the list of places to visit in Moscow is Ostankino TV Tower, where you can both have fun and watch the magnificent city view.
The 540-meter-long building was built in 1967 to deliver television and radio broadcasts to large masses. The tower surpassed the Empire State for that period and became the world’s tallest freestanding structure. Today, the tower ranks fourth in the same list.
The observation deck of Ostankino TV Tower awaits its visitors at an altitude of 337 meters above the ground. If you want to enjoy the 360 ° view, you can get on the elevator and reach the deck in less than a minute.
To make your experience a little more enjoyable, you can have dinner at the restaurant and then attend the events held in the concert hall.
- Address: Akademika Koroleva St, 15, Moskva
- Visiting Hours: 10.00-22.00
- Entry Fee: 1000 RUB
Where to Stay in Moscow?
The 4-star Holiday Inn Moscow Lesnaya is one of the most popular places to stay in Moscow. Click for information and reservation.
Tverskoy, Arbat, Kitay-Gorod, Basmanny and Yakimanka are some of the most important areas where you can stay in the city.